What is dandruff?
Dandruff is an inflammatory skin condition, causing flaky white or yellow scales. It is also medically termed as seborrhoeic dermatitis of unknown cause. Oily skin is often associated with this problem. Many people have this problem, which is marked by itching and excessive flaking of the scalp. It is not contagious, rarely serious and it can usually be controlled.
Causes of Dandruff:
Overgrowth of skin cells that make up the scalp may cause dandruff. It is not known what accelerates this cell growth.
That dandruff may be a hypersensitive reaction to the proliferation of Pityrosporum ovale, yeast that occurs naturally on the scalp.
Another theory that held for some time linked dandruff to a new fungus, Malassezia, that seems to exist in overabundance on the scalps of those affected with the disease.
Dandruff causes have been attributed to dry skin, oily skin, shampooing too often or not often enough.
Use of too many chemical hair products. (e.g., hair sprays, gels)
Other factors known to trigger dandruff include:
Use of electric hair curlers or blow dryers.
Lack of rest.
Excessive consumption of sugar, fat, starch.
Stress and anxiety. Cold weather and dry indoor heating.
Sometimes sensitivities to certain hair-care products or hair dyes can cause a red, itchy, scaling scalp.
Signs and symptoms of dandruff:
It may vary, commonly symptoms include,
§ white, oily-looking flakes of dead skin in your hair and on your shoulders.
§ an itchy, scaling scalp.
§ scalp can be either excessively dry or oily.
Dandruff can typically be self-diagnosed and does not normally require specific diagnostic measures. However, if symptoms are severe and flakes are accompanied by redness and inflammation of the scalp or a secondary skin infection, it may indicate the presence of a related condition such as seborrheic dermatitis and it should be properly diagnosed by a specialist.
Conventional Treatment of Dandruff:
Dandruff shampoos are used according to their active ingredient:
Zinc pyrithione shampoos. Containing the antibacterial and antifungal agent.
Tar-based shampoos. Used in condition such as dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis and psoriasis.
Shampoos containing salicylic acid.
Selenium sulfide shampoos. Help prevent cell turnover and may reduce the number of malassezia.
Ketoconazole shampoos. Armamentarium, ketoconazole is a broad-spectrum antifungal agent that may work when other shampoos fail.
Homeopathy for Dandruff
Homeopathy treats the person as a whole. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. The homeopathic medicines are selected after a full individualizing examination and case-analysis, which includes the medical history of the patient, physical and mental constitution etc. A miasmatic tendency (predisposition/susceptibility) is also often taken into account for the treatment of chronic conditions. The medicines given below indicate the therapeutic affinity but this is not a complete and definite guide to the treatment of this condition. The symptoms listed against each medicine may not be directly related to this disease because in homeopathy general symptoms and constitutional indications are also taken into account for selecting a remedy. To study any of the following remedies in more detail, please visit our Materia Medica section. None of these medicines should be taken without professional advice.
[Kent] Head, Dandruff
[Robin Murphy] Diseases, Dandruff.
[Boericke] Head, Scalp, Dandruff.
Homeopathic Remedies for Dandruff
Thuja, Natrum muriaticum, Kali sulphuricum, Graphites, Phosphorus, Carboneum sulphuratum, Sulphur, Ammonium muriaticum, Lycopodium, Mezereum, Arsenic album, Brayta carbonica, Bryonia Alba, Calcarea, Medorrhinum, Oleander, Psorinum, Sepia, Alumina, Badiaga, Heracleum sphondylium, Kali carbonicum, Magnesium carbonicum, Sanicula aqua.
White, scaly dandruff; hair dry and falling out. Greasy skin of face. Hydrogenoid constitution, having Good humor. Inclination to speak. Cheerful disposition without extravagance. An itching on the occiput.
Dandruff, greasy, oily, scalp. Dry eruptions, especially on margin of hairy scalp. Itching and burning of hair follicles. Alopecia. Eczema; raw, red, inflamed, especially in the edges of hair worse from eating too much salt. Great emaciation; losing flesh while living well. Great liability to take cold.
Dandruff and scalded. Ailments accompanied by profuse desquamation. Applicable to the later stages of inflammation. Dandruff; yellow scales in skin diseases. All ailments are worse in a warm room and toward evening and better in cool, open air.
Dandruff. Dryness of scalp. Humid, itching eruption on hairy scalp, emitting a fetid odor. patients who are rather stout, of fair complexion, with tendency to skin affections and constipation, fat, chilly, and costive, take cold easily. Has a particular tendency to develop the skin phase of internal disorders.
Itching of scalp, dandruff, falling out of hair in large bunches. Dandruff, falls out in clouds; baldness of single spots. Adapted to tall slender persons of sanguine temperament, fair skin, delicate eyelashes, find blond or red hair, quick perceptions, and very sensitive nature. Young people, who grow too rapidly, are inclined to stoop; who are chlorotic or anaemic.
Chronic skin diseases with much itching. Very useful in patients broken down by abuse of alcohol. Sensitive patients worse cold, wasted muscles, and skin and mucous membranes anesthetics.
Scalp dry, falling of hair; worse, washing. Dryness and heat of scalp with instance Itching, especially at night, and scratching causes soreness; wetting makes it burn. Adapted to persons of a scrofulous diathesis, Persons of nervous temperament, quick motioned, quick tempered plethoric, skin excessively sensitive to atmospheric changes. Lean, stoop-shouldered persons who walk and sit stooping; walk stooping like old men. Standing is the worst position for Sulphur patients; they cannot stand; every standing position is uncomfortable. Dirty, filthy people, prone to skin affections. Aversion to being washed.
Itching of scalp, dandruff, falling out of hair in large bunches. Especially adapted to those who are fat and sluggish; or large and fat, but legs too thin.
Great falling out of hair. Eczema; moist oozing behind ears. Deep furrows on forehead. Premature baldness and gray hair. Worse by pressure of clothes, warmth, and awaking. Better by cold applications. Carbo-nitrogenoid constitution. Patient is thin, withered, full of gas and dry.
White scaly dandruff. Affections of external head; scaly eruption, white scabs. Patient is very sensitive to cold. One-sided symptoms; whole or partial numbness of one side of scalp. Violent, Irritative burning, itching, burning smarting, burning boring, etc. with coldness of part affected. Worse at night, warmth of bed, fire, cold air, drafts, damp weather, by motion and touch. Better by wrapping up and in open air.
Scalp itches intolerably; circular patches of bare spots; rough, dirty, sensitive, and covered with dry scales; nightly burning and itching; dandruff. Scalp very sensitive; cannot brush hair. Mentally restless, but physically too weak to move. Great prostration. Aggravation after midnight, from cold in general.
Dandruff. Brain feels as if loose. Hair falls out. Confusion.
Specially indicated in infancy and old age. This remedy brings aid to scrofulous children, especially if they are backward mentally and physically, take cold easily,
Seborrhœa. Hair very greasy. Sensitive scalp; every hair pains. Averse to least motion, even of distant parts. Dry, burning heat; with aggravation of all symptoms.
Itching of the scalp. Scratches head on waking. Scalp itches; on awaking. Adapted to Fat, flabby; who sweats easily. Scrofulous constitution. Patient is fat, fair, and flabby; takes cold easily. Averse to work or exertion.
Hair dry, crispy. Itching of scalp; copious dandruff. Medorrhinum is a remedy which is predominantly indicated for the people who are very comfortable at night. Medorrhinum symptoms are worse in daytime.
Corrosive itching on forehead and edge of hair; worse from heat. Violent Itching, scalp sensitive and numb. Nocturnal burning. Very sensitive skin; slightest friction causes soreness and chapping. Numbness of scalp
Hair matted. Hair dry, lusterless, rough. Dirty, dingy look of the patients’ skin. Intolerable itching; worse, from warmth of bed. Sebaceous glands secrete excessively; oily skin. Wants to wash parts affected. Worse by warmth. Dull tangled hair.
Hair falls out. Roots of hair sensitive. Itching; not relieved by scratching. Patient is indifferent, very sad, weeps easily.
Falling out of hair; scalp itches and is numb. Intolerable itching when getting warm in bed. A very general condition corresponding to this drug is dryness of mucous membranes and skin, and tendency to paretic muscular states.. Disposition to colds in the head; dry, thin subjects.
Dandruff; scalp sore, dry, tetter-like. Dull, dizzy feeling in head; with sensation of enlargement and fullness
Much fatty perspiration on head and violent itching. Seborrhœa capitis.
Loose feeling in head. Dandruff with great dryness of hair; falls out. Burning as from a mustard plaster.
Sticking pain in the side of the head on which he lies, as if the hair was pulled; worse, mental exertion. Dandruff itching of scalp worse in damp weather.
Profuse scaly dandruff. Patient looks old and thin. Body smells like old cheese. Water smells like old, musty rain water. Craves bacon, or ice cold milk.
Home care for dandruff
Keep your stress level down. Stress makes you susceptible to a number of conditions and diseases; including dandruff.
If your hair are oily, then Shampoo often to remove the excess oil. Massage your scalp gently with your fingers or a soft brush to loosen the scales and improve scalp circulation.
Use gentle shampoos for washing your hair. Be sure to rinse off all soap. If you are going outdoor, do not use oil on your scalp; dust and pollutants get absorbed by scalp. Keep hair and scalp clean to avoid accumulation of dead cells.
Hair should be brushed daily to improve circulation.
If scales do not easily loosen and wash off, apply some mineral oil, wet cloth around your head for up to an hour before shampooing.
Massaging teatree oil into the scalp may help prevent or relieve dandruff. It relieves scaling and itching.
Say NO to harmful cosmetic hair products [Hair sprays, styling gels, mousses and hair waxes etc].
Well-balanced diet. Diet supplemented with B-complex vitamins may alleviate dandruff condition. Reduction or elimination of animal proteins and eating mostly whole grains, fresh vegetables, beans and fruit: avoiding excess salt, sugar, and alcohol. Avoid citrus fruits, bananas, tinned fruits. Avoid strong tea/coffee, pickles, refined and processed foods.
The use of fenugreek seeds is an important remedies in the treatment of dandruff. Two tablespoons of these seeds should be soaked overnight in water and ground into a fine paste in the morning; apply all over the scalp and leave it for 20min, then washed hair thoroughly.
The use of a teaspoon of fresh lime juice for the last rinse, while washing the hair, is another useful remedy.
Dandruff can be removed by massaging the hair for half an hour with curd. Sunlight may help you to reduce dandruff.
Relaxation techniques such as meditation or yoga may help relieve stress, which exacerbate dandruff.
If the scales continue to be a concern, contact your physician.