Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Generally affects the lungs but may affect other parts of the body like brain, bones, skin and intestine.
Symptoms of Tuberculosis
The classic symptoms of active TB are
- Chronic coughwith blood-containing sputum
- Night sweats
- Weight loss
- loss of appetite
- Nail clubbing
How it spreads
When patients with active pulmonary TB cough, sneeze, speak, sing, or spit, aerosol droplets are expelled out, these droplets are the chief cause of infection.
People with prolonged, frequent, or close contact with people with TB are at particularly on high risk.
Types of Tuberculosis
On the basis of site affected it is divided into two types
Pulmonary tuberculosis – when tuberculosis affects the lungs is termed as pulmonary tuberculosis. It is most common site affected in tuberculosis. Symptoms include chest pain, blood mixed sputum, cough with all general symptoms of tuberculosis.
Extra-pulmonary– when the infection spreads outside the lungs is termed as extra-pulmonary tuberculosis. People with weak immunity are more prone to get this kind of tuberculosis.
Common sites of extra pulmonary tuberculosis are
- Covering of the lungs ( tuberculous pleurisy)
- Central nervous system ( tuberculous meningitis)
- Lymphatic system ( scrofula of the neck)
- Urinary and genital system ( urogenital tuberculosis)
- Bones and joints ( pott disease of spine)
- Military tuberculosis
Diagnosis of Tuberculosis
Diagnosis of active tuberculosis is done by evaluating clinical symptoms, chest X-ray, and sputum culture for causative organism. Sputum culture is consider as definitive guide for diagnosis.
In latent cases of tuberculosis where the classic symptoms are not very clear he Mantoux tuberculin skin test is often used to screen people at high risk for TB. Although this test may be false positive in many other infections.
Conventional treatment of Tuberculosis
Antibiotics are used to kill bacteria, but it is not as easy and effective due to unusual and protective cell wall of the bacteria which hinders the entry of drugs and makes many antibiotics ineffective. The two antibiotics most commonly used are isoniazid and rifampicin. Duration of treatment may last for several months.
Latent TB treatment usually employs a single antibiotic,while active TB disease is best treated with combinations of several antibiotics to reduce the risk of the bacteria developing antibiotic resistance
Homeopathy Treatment & Homeopathic Remedies for Tuberculosis
Homeopathy treats the person as a whole. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. The homeopathic medicines are selected after a full individualizing examination and case-analysis, which includes the medical history of the patient, physical and mental constitution etc. A miasmatic tendency (predisposition/susceptibility) is also often taken into account for the treatment of chronic conditions. The medicines given below indicate the therapeutic affinity but this is not a complete and definite guide to the treatment of this condition. The symptoms listed against each medicine may not be directly related to this disease because in homeopathy general symptoms and constitutional indications are also taken into account for selecting a remedy. To study any of the following remedies in more detail, please visit our Materia Medica section. None of these medicines should be taken without professional advice.
Commonly indicated homeopathy medicines for tuberculosis are:
- Arsenic album
- Arsenic iod
- Calcarea carb
- Calcarea phos
- Ammonium muriaticum
- Calcarea iodata
- Nitric acid
- Is best adapted to the early stages of phthisis when there is an increase of blood to the chest, beginning dullness over the apices of the lungs on percussion and diminished chest motion.
- The guiding symptoms are hot feeling of the body, desire for air, flushes of heat and pain from the left nipple through to the back.
- The cough is mostly dry, worse in the evening, excited by talking, with occasional profuse discharges of mucus;
- there are profuse night sweats and the perspiration is offensive; there is emaciation, weakness and languor and burning of the soles and palms.
- Is another remedy that must be used cautiously in tuberculosis.
- The fevers, sweats, diarrhoea, dyspeptic symptoms and debility make it similar in general to phthisis. The symptoms calling for its are these : Utter prostration, emaciation, thirst, hectic, oppressed breathing and sharp pains, darting in character and aggravated by motion.
- The cough is worse at night on lying down and in the morning on rising; the paroxysms of cough are long and lasting and ushered in with dyspnoea.
- The expectoration is profuse, greenish and salty, there is throughout much apprehensive anxiety.
- Is very closely allied to tubercular manifestations.
- Profound prostrations, rapid irritable pulse, recurring fevers and sweats.
- Emaciation and tendency to diarrhoea indicate it.
- Patient is cachectic; hacking cough; cavities; hectic fevers, night sweats; great debility.
- A deep remedy for eradicating the tuberculous tendency when symptoms agree.
- Worse in wet, cold weather, better in dry, cold weather, but very chilly.
- Tendency to swellings of glands, which suppurate.
- The Silica child is timid, lacks confidence.
- Head sweats in sleep.
- Sweat of feet, often offensive feet.
- Patient with T.B. family history, or with T.B. manifestations, glands, etc.
- A deep-acting, long-acting remedy.
- Always wanting to go somewhere-to travel.
- Feeble vitality: tired: debilitated: losing flesh.
- Emaciation, with hunger.
- Worse in a close room, in damp weather; better cold wind, open air.
- Desire for alcohol, bacon, fat ham, smoked meat, cold milk, refreshing things, sweets.
- Phosphorus helps to cure not only bone troubles, but “Scrofulous glands”, but always in the typical slender Phosphorus children, who grow too rapidly: delicate, waxy, anaemic.
- Bruise easily: easy bleeders: with
- Thirst for cold water, hunger for salt: love of ices:
- Are nervous alone-fear the dark, rather apathetic and indifferent.
- Scrofulous swellings and induration of glands: large, hard, usually painless.
- “Iodine is torpidity and sluggishness. The very indolence of the disease suggests Iodium”
- Cross and restless. Impulses.
- Anxiety: the more he keeps still, the more anxious.
- Always too hot.
- Eats ravenously yet emaciates.
- Dark hair and complexion. ( Bromium fair and blue eyes.)
- “Enlargement of all the glands except the mammae: these waste and atrophy.”