The word “arthritis” literally means joint inflammation (“arthr-” means joint; “-itis” means inflammation). It refers to more than 100 different diseases. These diseases usually affect the area in or around joints, such as muscles and tendons. Some of these diseases can also affect other parts of the body, including the skin and internal organs. Arthritis usually causes stiffness, pain and fatigue. The most common diseases among arthritis are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and gout and increasingly, fibromyalgia.
Many types of arthritis show signs of joint inflammation: swelling, stiffness, tenderness, redness or warmth. These joint symptoms may be accompanied by weight loss, fever or weakness.
When these symptoms last for more than two weeks, inflammatory arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis may be the cause. Joint inflammation may also be caused by infection, which can lead to septic arthritis. Degenerative joint disease (osteoarthritis) is the most common type of arthritis; joint inflammation is not a prominent feature of this condition.
Causes of Arthritis
- Injury -can damage to bone, ligament and cartilage that ultimately leads to severe pain.
- Infection – Any kind of infection to the joint may result arthritis.
- Obesity and advanced age – Both are very common cause of arthritis.
- Overuse – Overuse of knee joint can cause bursitis which ultimately leads to intense pain.
- Sprain- Due to sudden unnatural movements causes pain as well as restriction of movement of the joint.
- Malignancy – Myeloma, metastatic carcinoma.
- Dislocation – Also causes severe arthritis.
- Other causes – Include Sarcoidosis, Sickle cell disease, Lupus, Kawasaki disease, Crohn’s disease, bone tumors, bleeding disorders etc.
Classification of Arthritis
There are several conditions which are primarily associated with joints pathology and present themselves in the form of arthritis as a chief symptom. These are as follows-
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Gout and pseudo-gout
- Septic arthritis
- Ankylosing spondylitis
- Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
There are other systemic disease which affects the joints also. Majority of these kind of diseases are belong to autoimmune disease in which body’s immune system starts killing body’s own cells by wrongly identifying them as antigen. It includes-
- Lyme disease
- Sjogren’s syndrome
- Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
- Celiac disease
- Inflammatory bowel disease (including Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis)
Conventional treatment of Arthritis
- Anti-Inflammatory agents, ranging from mild and familiar oral medication, such as aspirin, to powerful new medications, such as etanercept and infliximab.
- Immunosuppressive medicines (drugs that inhibit the immune system) may be prescribed in rheumatoid arthritis, especially when the activity of disease is moderate or severe.
- Antibiotics are used in infectious arthritis.
- Uric acid- lowering agents are employed to treat gout.
- Corticosteroids – may be effective when injected in to the involved joints where only one or two joints are inflamed-a benefit that tends to be temporary, but sometimes is all the treatment that is needed.
- The effectiveness of immunosuppressive, antibiotics, and uric acid-lowering drugs depends on the correctness of the diagnosis, while the anti-inflammatory agents are more generally effective.
- Surgical treatment – It includes repair or reconstruction of damaged joints that are painful or causing disability because they are no longer mechanically functional.
- Physical and occupational therapy – physical and occupational therapy have an important place in the treatment of arthritis.
Arthritis, Gout – Homeopathy Treatment & Homeopathic Remedies
Homeopathic cure for arthritis – Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat arthritis but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several well-proved remedies are available in cure for arthritis which can be selected on the basis of cause, location, sensation, modalities and extension of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. Some important arthritis remedies are given below which are much helpful in cure for arthritis:
- Colchicum autumnale
- Bryonia alba
- Benzoicum acidum
- Ledum pulsatre
- Lycopodium Clavatum
- Rhus tox
- Actea spicata
- Berbaris vulgaris
- Lithium carb
- Affects markedly the muscular tissues, periosteum, and synovial membranes of joints.
- There is always great prostration, internal coldness, and tendency to collapse
- Tearing in limbs during warm weather.
- Limbs, lame, weak, tingling. Pain worse in evening and warm weather.
- Joints stiff and feverish; shifting rheumatism; pains worse at night.
- Inflammation of great toe, gout in heel, cannot bear to have it touched or moved.
- Knees strike together, can hardly walk.
- Aching in every muscle. The general character of the pain here produced is a stitching, tearing; worse by motion, better rest.
- Characteristic stitching pains, greatly aggravated by any motion, are found everywhere.
- Joints red, swollen, hot, with stitches and tearing; worse on least movement. Every spot is painful on pressure.
- Lips parched, dry, cracked. Dryness of mouth, tongue, and throat, with excessive thirst.
- It produces and cures symptoms of a uric acid diathesis, with urine highly colored and very offensive, and gouty symptoms.
- Joints crack on motion.
- Pain and swelling in knees.
- Tearing pain in great toe.
- Pains suddenly change their locality.
- Gouty pains shoot all through the foot and limb, and in joints, but especially small joints.
- Joints Swollen, hot, pale.
- Cracking in joints; worse, warmth of bed.
- Rheumatism begins in lower limbs and ascends.
- Soles painful, can hardly step on them.
- Numbness, drawing and tearing in limbs, especially while at rest or at night.
- Tearing in shoulder and elbow joints.
- One foot hot, the other cold.
- Chronic gout, with chalky deposits in joints.
- Profuse sweat of the feet. Pain in heel on treading as from a pebble. Sciatica, worse right side. Cannot lie on painful side.
- Cramps in calves and toes at night in bed. Limbs go to sleep.
- Head strong and haughty when sick. Loss of self-confidence.
- Hurried when eating.