Bronchi – tubes that carries air from trachea to the lungs, itis – refers to inflammation. So Bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchial tubes, the part of the respiratory system that carries air into the lungs.
It is the most common respiratory pathology for which patient rush for medical help.
Types of Bronchitis
On the basis of duration of disease it is divided into two types
- Acute bronchitis
- Chronic bronchitis
It is the inflammation of the bronchi usually followed by upper respiratory infection. 90% of the cases are caused by viruses which are responsible for cold and coryza.
- Cough lasts more than 5 days
- Usually self limited, resolves in 2–3 weeks
- Cough may be dry or productive.
- Runny nose and sore throat (likely symptoms of the preceding or simultaneous URI)
- Chest pain and difficulty in breathing.
- General weakness
- Body ache.
- Fever may present.
Causes of acute bronchitis
Viruses which cause upper respiratory infection like coryza, cold are responsible in 90% of cases of acute bronchitis. These include
- Influenza A and B
- Air pollution
Diagnosis of acute bronchitis
- History of upper respiratory infections and clinical symptoms are sufficient to make a diagnosis.
- Wheezing may be heard on chest examination.
Chronic bronchitis does not have a sudden onset and is most frequently caused by long term and repeated irritation of the bronchial tubes. Irritated and inflamed bronchial tubes are more prone to be infected.
A case if bronchitis is considered “chronic” if symptoms continue for three months or longer. Bronchitis caused by allergies can also be classified as chronic bronchitis.
Causes of chronic bronchitis
- Smoking is the major cause for chronic bronchitis
- Repeated exposure to harmful fumes at workplace.
- Air pollution
Who are at risk for chronic bronchitis?
- Smoking and having an existing lung disease
- Contact with dust, chemical fumes, and vapors from certain jobs also increases risk for the condition. Examples include jobs in coal mining, textile manufacturing, grain handling, and livestock farming.
- Air pollution, infections, and allergies can worsen the symptoms of chronic bronchitis, especially if a person smokes.
Diagnosis of chronic bronchitis –
Patient’s history of duration, type, character of cough is noted with history of smoking or any other exposure as air pollution or occupational.
Investigation and examinations include –
- Physical examination.
- Chest X-Ray
- Lung function test
- Sputum culture
Conventional treatment for Bronchitis
In conventional medicine the treatment of acute bronchitis usually involves use of antibiotics. In chronic bronchitis cough suppressants, expectorants, bronchodialators, antihistamines and steroids are often used.
Bronchitis – Homeopathy Treatment & Homeopathic Remedies
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which a patient is suffering.
The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat bronchitis, but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility of the patient. For this patient’s current symptoms, past medical history and family history are taken into account. There are many homeopathic remedies which cover the symptoms of bronchitis can be selected on the basis of cause, location, sensation, modalities. For individualized remedy selection and treatment of bronchitis, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. Some important homeopathic remedies for the treatment of bronchitis are given below:
- Aralia racemosa
- Natrum Sulph
- Spongia tosta
- Hepar sulph
- Antimonium tart
- Allium cepa
- Sangunaria can
- Acid nitricum
- Thuja occidentalis
- Dry cough coming on after first sleep, about middle of night.
- Asthma on lying down at night with spasmodic cough.
- worse after first sleep, with tickling in throat.
- Constriction of chest; feels as if a foreign body were in throat.
- Obstruction worse in spring. Hay-fever; frequent sneezing.
- Rawness and burning behind sternum.
- The least current of air causes sneezing, with copious watery, excoriating nasal discharge, of salty acrid taste.
- Soreness in larynx and trachea.
- Hoarseness; worse in open air.
- Dry, hacking cough from irritation in upper trachea.
- Cough, dry, at night; must sit up; worse after eating or drinking, with vomiting.
- Cough with stitches in chest, and expectoration of rust-colored sputa. Frequent desire to take a long breath; must expand lungs.
- Difficult, quick respiration; worse every movement; caused by stitches in chest.
- Cough, with feeling as if chest would fly to pieces; presses his head on sternum; must support chest.
- Expectoration brick shade, tough, and falls like lumps of jelly.
- Heaviness beneath the sternum extending towards the right shoulder. Cough worse by going into warm room.
- Spasmodic, dry irritative cough, like whooping-cough.
- The paroxysms following each other very rapidly; can scarcely breathe; chokes.
- Cough very deep and hoarse; worse, after midnight.
- Yellow expectoration, with bleeding from nose and mouth.
- Deep, hoarse voice; hoarseness; laryngitis.
- Rough, scraping sensation deep in the fauces and soft palate.
- Sensation as if crumbs were in the throat, of feather in larynx.
- Harassing and titillating cough in children-not at all through the day, but commences as soon as the head touches the pillow at night.
- Voice hoarse, deep, toneless, cracked, requires exertion to speak.
- Asthma when talking, with contraction of the throat at every word uttered.
- A remedy especially marked in the symptoms of the respiratory organs, cough, croup, etc.
- Anxiety and difficult breathing.
- Great dryness of all air-passages.
- Hoarseness; larynx dry, burns, constricted.
- Cough, dry, barking, croupy; larynx sensitive to touch.
- Croup; worse, during inspiration and before midnight.
- Respiration short, panting, difficult; feeling of a plug in larynx.
- Cough abates after eating or drinking, especially warm drinks.
- Chest weak; can scarcely talk.
- Oppression and heat of chest, with sudden weakness.
- Hoarseness; worse evenings.
- Larynx very painful.
- violent tickling in larynx while speaking.
- Cannot talk on account of pain in larynx.
- Cough from tickling in throat; worse, cold air, reading, laughing, talking, from going from warm room into cold air.
- Sweetish taste while coughing.
- Hard, dry, tight, racking cough.
- Burning pains, heat and oppression of chest.
- Tightness across chest; great weight on chest.
- Much heat in chest.
- Whole body trembles, with cough.
- Sputa rusty, blood-colored, or purulent.
- Pain in throat on coughing.
- Nervous coughs provoked by strong odors, entrance of a stranger; worse in the presence of strangers; worse lying upon left side; in cold room.
- Odema of larynx. Trachea sore.
- Heat and tension behind the sternum.
- Cough of gastric origin; relieved by eructation.
- Cough, with burning pain in chest; worse, right side.
- Sputum tough, rust-colored, offensive, almost impossible to raise.
- Spasmodic cough after influenza and after whooping-cough.
- Cough returns with every fresh cold.
- Tickling behind sternum, causes a constant hacking cough; worse at night on lying down. Must sit up in bed.
- Burning soreness in right chest, through to right shoulder. Severe soreness under right nipple.
- sudden stoppage of catarrh of air passages brings on diarrhoea.