As the name suggests, BPH is a benign hypertrophy of the prostate gland. The prostate is a small, muscular gland below the urinary bladder in males. The prostate produces most of the fluid in semen that allows sperm mobility during ejaculation. Benign prostatic hypertrophy, or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) occurs usually after 50 years of age, when the cells of the prostate gland begin to multiply. These additional cells swell your prostate gland, which squeezes the urethra and restrict the flow of urine.
BPH – CAUSE
Possibly diminished androgen secretion. In 2008, Yigal Gat et al. published evidence that BPH is caused by failure in the spermatic venous drainage system resulting in increased hydrostatic pressure and local testosterone levels elevated more than 100 fold above serum levels
BPH – MECHANISM
Histologically, the inner zone of the gland undergoes hyperplasia and hypertrophy, and there is an increase in fibro muscular stroma. the enlarged prostate obstructs the outflow of urine by compressing, displacing and elongating that part of urethra which passes through the prostate gland.
BPH SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
The stream of urine is poor
There is difficulty in initiating micturation (hesitancy)
There is difficulty in stopping it (terminal dribbling)
Recurrent haematuria (blood in urine) may occur
There may be aching pain in loins, sometimes aggravated by drinking
Recurrent urinary tract infections may occur
BPH – HOW DIAGNOSIS IS MADE?
Anuria (complete stoppage of urine flow)
Uraemia (consequence of anuria)
Benign Prostate Hypertrophy – WHAT TO DIFFERENTIATE FROM?
All other causes of urinary tract obstruction esp. vesical (urinary bladder) calculus; fibrosis following trauma, stone, instrumentation; urethral valves etc.
In conventional medicine the treatment of BPH includes Alpha-1 blockers and TURP (Trans Urethral Resection of Prostate) surgery.
BPH – Homeopathy Treatment & Homeopathic Remedies
Homeopathy offers very good treatment for BPH or benign prostate hypertrophy. Some of the medicines commonly used for this condition are thuja, ferrum-pic, conium, baryta-carb, copaiva, populus-t, calc-carb, sabal-ser, selenium etc.
WHAT ELSE CAN I DO?
Regular exercise increases the level of androgens, so it may slow down the progression of BPH.