Measles is an infectious viral disease that occurs most often in the late winter and spring. It begins with a fever that lasts for a couple of days, followed by a cough, runny nose, and conjunctivitis (pink eye).
A rash starts on the face and upper neck, spreads down the back and trunk, then extends to the arms and hands, as well as the legs and feet. After about five days, the rash fades the same order it appeared.
Cause of Measles
Measles is caused by a virus.The virus is highly contagious and is spread by coughing and sneezing via close personal contact or direct contact with secretions for example, sneezing and coughing can put contaminated droplets into the air.
Measles is highly contagious. Infected people are usually contagious from about 4 days before their rash starts to 4 days afterwards. The measles virus resides in the mucus in the nose and throat of infected people. When they sneeze or cough, droplets spray into the air and the droplets remain active and contagious on infected surfaces for up to two hours.
Pathophysiology of measles
Symptoms occur generally 8 to 12 days after exposed to the virus. This is called the incubation period. Infected people are usually contagious from about 4 days before their rash starts to 4 days afterwards.
Persons with the measles typically have a fever, cough, redness and irritation of the eyes (conjunctivitis), and a rash that spreads.
Symptoms of Measles
- Sore throat
- Runny nose
- Muscle pain
- Bloodshot eyes
- Tiny white spots inside the mouth (Koplik’s spots)
- Photophobia (light sensitivity)
- Rashes usually appears 3 to 5 days after the first signs of being sick may last 4 to 7 days
- Usually starts on the head and spreads to other areas, moving down the body
- Rash may appear as flat, discolored areas (macules) and solid, red, raised areas (papules) that later join together
Measles usually begins with a mild to moderate fever, accompanied by other symptoms, such as a persistent cough, runny nose, inflamed eyes (conjunctivitis) and sore throat. Then a fever spikes, often as high as 104 or 105 F (40 or 40.6 C). At the same time, a red blotchy rash appears, usually on the face, along the hairline and behind the ears. This slightly itchy rash rapidly spreads downward to the chest and back and, finally, to the thighs and feet. After about a week, the rash fades in the same sequence that it appeared.
Diagnosis of Measles
- Diagnosis of measles can be done with confirmation of positive measles IgM antibodies or isolation of measles virus from respiratory specimens.
- Saliva can be collected for salivary measles-specific IgA testing
Conventional treatment for measles
There is no specific treatment, if there is no complication. Symptoms usually resolve as disease completed its course.
- Antipyretic medicines are prescribed to control fever.
- Vitamin A supplements are given.
- Recommended to take rest and plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration.
Homeopathic Remedies & Homeopathy Treatment for Measles
Homeopathy treats the person as a whole. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. The homeopathic medicines are selected after a full individualizing examination and case-analysis, which includes the medical history of the patient, physical and mental constitution etc.
Aim of homeopathy treatment for measles
- To limit the sufferings of patient.
- To prevent any further complication after measles.
Following homeopathic medicines have been found effective in many cases of Measles:
- Arsenic album
- Antimonium crudum
- Antimonium tart.
- Apis mellifica
- Kali bichromicum
- Kali sulphuricum
- Mercurius solubilis
- Phosphoric acid
- Bryonia alba
- Calcarea phosphoric
- Coccus cacti
- Rhus toxicodendron
- Zincum metallicum
- First stage of any illness that starts suddenly
- High fever; a runny nose; a hard, dry, croupy cough; red, sore eyes and sore throat.
- Rashes itchy and burning.
- Child is restless, anxious and fearful
- Patient is generally thirsty for cold water
- Feels worse for warmth and at night and better in fresh air and by uncovering.
- Illnesses are accompanied by a tickling cough and nausea.
- Children are sulky and extremely irritable, they do not want to be touched or examined, or even looked at.
- They have cracks at the corners of their mouth and/or nostrils.
- The tongue may be white—as if it has been painted.
- Child is drowsy, thirst less, and worse in a hot room.
- The rashes are slow to come out; when come up they itch and sting.
- Face and eyelids are puffy and red.
- Children are extremely restless, anxious, clingy, and cry out in their sleep.
- They are generally thirstless; cannot bear the heat or pressure of any sort—they do not want to be touched.
- They have a high fever with scanty urine, and feel better for cold and cool bathing.
- Urine is hot and there is burning during urination.
- This remedy suits to restless, anxious, chilly children who want to be covered.
- They are terribly weak but still cannot remain in one place. Restlessness.
- Wants hot drink and drinks a sip at a time.
- They may have diarrhea with the fever.
- In mumps, the breasts and testes may be swollen.
- Complaint starts suddenly and can be accompanied by bedwetting; a runny nose; a cough; sore throat; a throbbing headache and/or burning, dry, red eyes.
- The head is hot, the face red, and the extremities feel cold.
- The pupils are dilated, and the tongue is red with white spots (like a strawberry).
- The rashes are red, hot, dry, burning, and very itchy.
- Children are restless and irritable, and delirious with a high, dry fever.
- With mumps the glands are hot and swollen and sensitive to touch.
- Children are generally thirstless (although they may ask for lemonade).
- They feel worse in the afternoon and cannot bear light, noise, or pressure.
- They like rest and warmth.
- For measles that comes on slowly in warm weather with cold or flu-like symptoms that are accompanied by a great weariness and heaviness.
- Often indicated where there is much chilliness, the fever is a prominent symptom, the child is dumpish, apathetic, does not want to be disturbed.
- there is watery coryza which excoriates the upper lip and nose.
- there is harsh, barking, croupy cough, with chest soreness and hoarseness.
- Gelsemium, too, has an action on the skin and may be continued with benefit after the eruption has appeared; there is an itching and redness of the skin, and a decidely measly eruption produced by it.
- It has some aching in the limbs
- The eyes are swollen and watery.
- They feel better after urinating.
- A little later in the disease Pulsatilla symptoms may make their appearance.
- The fever has subsided or entirely disappeared.
- There is coryza and profuse lachrymation.
- Symptoms are changeable and worse in the evenings.
- In mumps the breasts, ovaries, or testicles are painful.
- Children are weepy, whiny, pathetic, and clingy.
- Small children want to be carried everywhere.
- They are generally thirstless; worse for warmth and when lying down at night; better for fresh air.
- The cough is still dry at night, but loosens a little in the daytime.
- The child sits up to cough.