Scarlet fever is a rash accompanied by a sore throat caused by the streptococcus bacteria. The disease most commonly affects children, but can occur in any age group. The characteristic symptoms are a rash and a ‘strawberry tongue’.
The rash of scarlet fever usually begins like bad sunburn with tiny bumps (papules), and it may itch. The rash usually appears first on the neck and face, often leaving a clear unaffected area around the mouth. It spreads to the chest and back, then to the rest of the body. In body creases, especially around the underarms and elbows, the rash forms classic red streaks called Pastia’s lines. Areas of rash usually blanch (turn white) when you press on them. By the sixth day of a strep infection the rash usually fades, but the affected skin may begin to peel.
Risk Factors in case of Scarlet Fever
Children 5 to 15 years of age are more likely than are other people to get scarlet fever. Scarlet fever germs spread more easily among people in close contact, such as family members or classmates.
Sign and Symptoms of Scarlet Fever
- Scarlet fever usually starts within two to four days of incubation, although the incubation period can last between one and seven days.
- Sore throat, bright red swallon tonsils.
- Throat pain, pain in deglutition.
- The rash usually starts in the central areas of the body, then spreads over the rest of the body, and persists for several days. Afterward, the skin of the fingertip and toes may pale.
- The creases of the skin may look darker than usual, referred to as pastia lines.
- The rash usually is accentuated in the flexural creases of the neck, elbows, and groin.
- While the rash is appearing and then fading away, there are a series of changes that affect the tongue. First, there is creamy while exudates all over it, with the tongue’s little papillae pointing up through it. This is known as white strawberry tongue. As the exudates peels off, the tongue is left rather red and raw, with its papillae still showing prominently to make it look like a strawberry. This is called red strawberry tongue.
- Other common symptoms include chills, body aches, and headache. Nausea and vomiting may occur.
Diagnosis of Scarlet Fever
Clinical diagnosis of scarlet fever is based on clinical findings.
Throat culture is helpful to rule out causative bacteria.
Complications of Scarlet fever
If scarlet fever left untreated, the bacteria may spread to the:
- Middle ear
Rarely, scarlet fever can lead to rheumatic fever, a serious condition that can affect the:
- Nervous system
Conventional treatment for Scarlet Fever
- Antipyretic for fever
- Painkillers for pain.
Homeopathic Remedies & Homeopathy Treatment for Scarlet Fever
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat scarlet fever but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available for scarlet fever which can be selected on the basis of cause, location, sensation, modalities and extension of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. Some important gout remedies are given below which are much helpful in treatment of scarlet fever symptoms:
- Arnica montana
- Apis mel
- Ammonium carb
- Rhus tox
- Arsenic album
- Zincum met
- Scarlet rash with high fever.
- Full, quick pulse.
- Dry, hot, burning skin.
- Over sensitiveness to external impressions.
- Scarlet fever, throat dark-red, with burning and sticking pain when swallowing, which may extend to ears.
- Ear pinna red, sensitive, hot to touch and swollen.
- Excellent remedy for scarlet fever
- Bright red rosy hue to the skin, smooth, red and shiny eruptions
- Tonsils bright red , hot and dry
- Strawberry tongue
- Acts also as a preventive.
- Here the patients are quiet and listless;
- They are prostrated and dull.
- The pulse is throbbing. Patient is thirstless.
- At the onset of the disease it suits cases where neither Aconite nor Belladonna are indicated.
- Great prostration during fever in poorly nourished children.
- This is the most potent antidote to malignant scarlet fever and suits especially severe cases.
- The patient lies in a stupor; the rashes are dark and purplish.
- Swollen throat and infiltration of the cellular tissue about the neck.
- Excoriating nasal discharge.
- Drowsiness and prostration.
- Violent vomiting.
- Severe headache and dizziness.
- Small quick pulse.
- Stools thin, bloody and offensives and there is much offensive to all the discharges.
- It will save life oftentimes in the most desperate cases.
- Child is restless, drowsy, has a red and smooth tongue
- Parotids are especially apt to swell or suppurate,
- The eruption does not come out well, and when it does come out is miliary.
- The great depression, weakness and bodily restlessness and the supervening of rheumatic symptoms late in the disease will serve to indicate rhus.
- Violent throat pain especially on left side.
- Purplish hue of tonsils.
- Sleep unrefreshing, all complaints worse after sleep.
- Skin eruption dark red and bluish and purplish color.
- Patient is thirstless.
- This is also a useful remedy in scarlet fever.
- The throat is swollen internally and externally, the glands are enlarged.
- Tonsils are swollen and bluish
- Child is drowsy.
- Zincum will be needed in certain enervated children who become restless and delirious, or quit, unconscious and very weak.
- Too weak in fat to develop an eruption, and as a result of this non-development of the eruption brain symptoms, such as meningitis with sharp pains through the head, supervene.
- In these cases it will often bring out the eruption and safe the child.